ASEAN Heart Journal

Intended for healthcare professional

Case Report

ASEAN Heart Journal

December 2014, 22:20

First online: 25 December 2014

Case Report

Percutaneous Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: An Update

Paul T.L. Chiam,1 Victor T.T. Chao1
Open Access
This content is freely available to anyone, anywhere at any time.
  • Summary
  • Supplementary Material
  • References
  • About this Article


The prevalence of aortic valve stenosis (AS) increases with advancing age, and the condition is present in 4.6% of adults ≥ 75 years of age.1

Aortic Valve Replacement - Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation - Aortic Valve Stenosis - Balloon Aortic Valvuloplasty - Transcatheter Heart Valve

Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.

Supplementary Material



1.Nkomo VT, Gardin JM, Skelton TN, et al. (2006) Burden of valvular heart diseases: a population-based study. Lancet 368 (9540):1005–1011. PubMed    CrossRef

2.Rahimtoola SH. (1989) Perspective on valvular heart disease: an update. J Am Coll Cardiol 14(1):1–23. PubMed    CrossRef

3.Varadarajan P, Kapoor N, Bansal RC, Pai RG. (2006) Clinical profile and natural history of 453 nonsurgically managed patients with severe aortic stenosis. Ann Thorac Surg 82(6):2111–2115. PubMed    CrossRef

4.Brown JM, O’Brien SM, Wu C, et al. (2009) Isolated aortic valve replacement in North America comprising 108,687 patients in 10 years: changes in risks, valve types, and outcomes in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 137(1): 82–90. PubMed   CrossRef

5.Culliford AT, Galloway AC, Colvin SB, et al. (1991) Aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis in persons aged 80 years and over. Am J Cardiol67(15):1256–1260. PubMed   CrossRef

6.Kvidal P, Bergstrom R, Horte LG, Stahle E. (2000) Observed and relative survival after aortic valve replacement. J Am Coll Cardiol 35(3):747–756. PubMed   CrossRef

7.Roques F, Nashef SA, Michel P. (2001) Risk factors for early mortality after valve surgery in Europe in the 1990s: lessons from the EuroSCORE pilot program. J Heart Valve Dis 10(5): 572-577; discussion 577–578. PubMed

8.Iung B, Cachier A, Baron G, et al. (2005) Decision-making in elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis: why are so many denied surgery? Eur Heart J 26(24): 2714–2720. PubMed   CrossRef

9.Cribier A, Savin T, Berland J, et al. (1987) Percutaneous transluminal balloon valvuloplasty of adult aortic stenosis: report of 92 cases. J Am Coll Cardiol 9(2): 381–386. PubMed   CrossRef

10.Otto CM, Mickel MC, Kennedy JW, et al. (1994) Threeyear outcome after balloon aortic valvuloplasty. Insights into prognosis of valvular aortic stenosis. Circulation 89(2): 642–650. PubMed    CrossRef

11.Cribier A, Eltchaninoff H, Bash A, et al. (2002) Percutaneous transcatheter implantation of an aortic valve prosthesis for calcific aortic stenosis: first human case description. Circulation 106(24): 3006–3008. PubMed   CrossRef

12.Chiam PT, Ruiz CE. (2008) Percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve implantation: assessing results, judging outcomes, and planning trials: the interventionalist perspective. JACC Cardiovasc Interv 1(4): 341–350. PubMed   CrossRef

13.Chiam PT, Ruiz CE. (2009) Percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve implantation: evolution of the technology. Am Heart J 157(2): 229–242. PubMed   CrossRef

14.Leon MB, Smith CR, Mack M, et al. (2010) Transcatheter aortic-valve implantation for aortic stenosis in patients who cannot undergo surgery. N Engl J Med 363(17): 1597–1607. PubMed    CrossRef

15.Smith CR, Leon MB, Mack MJ, et al. (2011) Transcatheter versus surgical aortic-valve replacement in high-risk patients. N Engl J Med 364(23): 2187–2198. PubMed   CrossRef

16.Thomas M, Schymik G, Walther T, et al. (2010) Thirty-day results of the SAPIEN aortic Bioprosthesis European Outcome (SOURCE) Registry: a European registry of transcatheter aortic valve implantation using the Edwards SAPIEN valve. Circulation 122(1): 62–69. PubMed    CrossRef

17.Piazza N, Grube E, Gerckens U, et al. (2008) Procedural and 30-day outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve implantation using the third generation (18 Fr) CoreValve ReValving system: results from the multicentre, expanded evaluation registry 1-year following CE mark approval. EuroIntervention 4(2): 242–249. PubMed   CrossRef

18.Khawaja MZ, Rajani R, Cook A, et al. (2011) Permanent pacemaker insertion after CoreValve transcatheter aortic valve implantation: incidence and contributing factors (the UK CoreValve Collaborative). Circulation 123(9): 951–960. PubMed    CrossRef

19.Chiam PT, Koh TH, Chao VT, et al. (2009) Percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve replacement: first transfemoral implant in Asia. Singapore Med J 50(5): 534–537. PubMed

20.Chao VT, Chua YL, Chiam PT, et al. (2010) Percutaneous transcatheter aortic valve replacement: first transapical implant in Asia. Singapore Med J51(1): 69–72. PubMed

21.Chiam PT, Chao VT, Tan SY, et al. (2010) Percutaneous transcatheter heart valve implantation in a bicuspid aortic valve. JACC Cardiovasc Interv 3(5): 559–561. PubMed   CrossRef

22.Wijesinghe N, Ye J, Rodes-Cabau J, et al. (2010) Transcatheter aortic valve implantation in patients with bicuspid aortic valve stenosis. JACC Cardiovasc Interv 3(11): 1122–1125. PubMed    CrossRef

23.Webb JG, Wood DA, Ye J, et al. (2010) Transcatheter valvein- valve implantation for failed bioprosthetic heart valves. Circulation 121(16): 1848–1857. PubMed    CrossRef

24.Piazza N, Bleiziffer S, Brockmann G, et al. (2011) Transcatheter aortic valve implantation for failing surgical aortic bioprosthetic valve: from concept to clinical application and evaluation (part 2). JACC Cardiovasc Interv 4(7): 733–742. PubMed   CrossRef

25.Rahimtoola SH. (2010) Choice of prosthetic heart valve in adults: an update. J Am Coll Cardiol 55(22): 2413–2426. PubMed   CrossRef

About this Article


Percutaneous Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: An Update

Open Access

Available under Open Access


>> 22:1

Online Date

21 November 2019



Online ISSN



ASEAN Federation of Cardiology

Additional Links

>> About The AHJ



Aortic Valve Replacement
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Balloon Aortic Valvuloplasty
Transcatheter Heart Valve

Author Affiliations
1. National Heart Centre Singapore, Singapore, Singapore